Civil society and its institutions

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Civil society is one of the most important value and culture-forming phenomena of modern society. Civil society in its generally accepted sense, acts as a set of social  formations (groups or teams), joined together by specific interests (economic, ethnic, cultural, etc.), implemented beyond the government activity area and allowing, in conditions of a democratic system of social life arrangement, to control actions of state authorities as hierarchies of power and political institutions. A state, deprived of inner freedom of public relations and not supporting the democratic regime of social life, and not developing the value of legality, freedom and democracy, does not have the privilege to develop on the basis of beneficial initiatives, innovations, and energy of civil society. For under the conditions of totalitarianism or even limited democracy civil society is, if possible, rather in the context of the element of resistance - a combination of illegal social movements.

Civil society is a sphere of public activity, free from the direct influence of the state and its officials, yet organized, internally ordered and interacting with government; it is an area where people pursue their private interests together in groups and organizations.

 The concept of civil society has the following content:

Civil society is a concept denoting a set of non-political relations in society: economic, social, moral, religious, national, and others. Civil society is a sphere of self-realization of free citizens and voluntarily formed associations and organizations, protected by relevant laws from direct interference and arbitrary regulation of activities of these individuals and organizations by the government.

The formation of the concept of civil society refers to the second half of XVIII - early XIX centuries. Enlightenment philosophy and German classical philosophy, whose representatives in their writings started to realize the need for a clear distinction between government and civil society (as the area encompassing the diversity of social relations, which lies between the individual and the state), gave the priority of cooperation between government and civil society to the government (especially Hegel). In the philosophy and sociology of Marxism, as well as in most modern political science and sociological theories, in contrast, the priority of civil society over the government is claimed, and its expansion and consolidation is seen as one of the most important conditions for social progress.

Civil society (within the system-management approach) is considered as the party of the formulation of the volume of civil rights and freedoms necessary for human reproduction, enterprise development and corporate social responsibility. Theoretical foundations of civil society as a party and an object in the system of political and socio-economic management and its instruments have been developed.

The philosophy of civil society is based on the following postulates:

- Civil society is a society of non-governmental type. In the modern understanding civil society is a society with  developed economic, political, legal and cultural relations between people, which is independent of the government, but interacting with it.

- Civil society is a society of people of high social, cultural, moral and economic status, creating developed legal relations with government.

- Civil society has a complex structure, which includes: business, economic, ethnic, religious and legal relations. Civilian communications are competitive and solidarity relations between legally equal partners.

- The condition for the appearance of civil society is the emergence economic independence of all citizens in a society on the basis of private property. Civil society is a society of civilized market relations.

- An important characteristic of civil society is the achievement of a high level of self-organization and self-regulation of society. Civil society is a system of socio-economic and political relations based on self-organization, functioning in the legal regime of social justice, freedom, satisfaction of material and spiritual needs of man as the supreme value of civil society.

- Civil society is organized after the division of spheres of influence between government and citizen. Narrowing of total power of the government is implemented through the introduction of the inalienable rights of certain non-political categories. Inalienable rights are the right to work (economy), the national cultural values (culture), the performance of religious rites, the free exchange of information, freedom of self-realization. All disputes between citizens shall be resolved by an independent tribunal. The system of equality in lost freedoms solves the problem of limiting the trends undesirable for society. Election of the supreme bodies of limited state power is exercised by a universal poll. Civil society is impossible without the rule of law.

Thus, the All-Ukrainian Academic Union considers itself an actor of a social process, which means being an institution of civil society, and sees its mission in the utmost promotion of cultural and educational progress of Ukraine, raising the quality of education, the development of Ukrainian science, optimal integration of the national education system in the global education community of the world including - the European Higher Education Area, as well as to provide all interested persons with the right to choose the educational product, regardless of its country of origin.